The Tika Ceremony
Bhai Dooj is also known as Bhau Beej in Goa, Maharashtra and Karnataka, Bhai Tika in Nepal, Bhai Phota in Bengal, and Ningol Chakuba in Manipur. The names may differ but the essence of the festival remains the same. The ‘Tika Ceremony’ is the highlight of the festival where sisters apply vermilion, dahi and raw rice on the forehead of their brothers. After this, the sisters do an aarti and offer sweets to their brothers.
History of Bhai Dooj
According to folklore, the God of Death – Yama once visited his sister Yami or Yamuna on this special day. Yami welcomed him by doing an aarti and tilak ceremony. She also offered him a beautiful garland and sweets and Yama in return showered her with gifts. After the ceremony, Yama declared that all the brothers who are applied tilak by their sisters will never be fearful in life. This is probably how the tradition of celebrating Bhai Dooj began which is also known as Yama Dwitiya.
According to another story popular in the Hindu mythology, when Lord Krishna returned to his sister Subhadra after killing demon king Narakasur, he was welcomed with tilak, aarti, flowers and sweets.
Bhai Dooj 2017 falls on 21st October, Saturday.
Bhai Dooj Celebrations
Sisters pray to Gods and Goddesses to bless their brothers and save them from all problems and the brothers promise to protect their sisters. In some places, many traditional rituals are followed to perform the tika ceremony. For instance, sisters make a seat with rice flour and the brothers sits in it while the tika ceremony is being performed. They apply a paste of rice and sindoor on their brother’s arms and then pour holy water. In West Bengal, sisters apply ‘phonta’ or sandalwood paste on their brother’s forehead.
Later, flowers of kaddu (pumpkin), betel leaves, betel nut and coins are offered. Thereafter, the tika is applied and the aarti is performed. In Maharashtra, a sweet dish called basundi poorior kheerni poori is prepared to celebrate Bhai Dooj.
Bhaji Dooj Muhurat
Date: Saturday, 21st October 2017
Bhai Dooj Tika Muhurat: 13:31-15:49 (1:31 PM – 3:49 PM)